Women & Ramadan
Religious Queries Related To Fasting
Zakat & Fidyah
Zakat Financial Assistance
Full-time Religious Education (Madrasah)
General Information on Madrasah
Madrasah Curriculum Development
Contribute to Madrasah
Eligibility for Haj Registration
Registering for Haj
Mosque Building & Mendaki Fund
Religious Education Classes & Programmes
Lasting Power of Attorney
Women & Ramadan
Health & Science
Hajj & Umrah
Eating & Drinking
Religious Queries Related To Fasting
Types of Zakat
Zakat & Fidyah
All of these words
This exact phrase
Any of these words
Without these words
Whole of Government
Religious Queries Related To Fasting
When should I
You can make an intention to fast
the night before fasting or when you are having your pre-dawn meal before Fajr (Subuh).
Can I make the intention (niat) for fasting the whole month of Ramadan
without renewing my intention every night?
Our scholars have different views on this matter. Scholars of Hanafi Mazhab are
of the view that it is permitted for you to make the intention for fasting the whole
month of Ramadan. Scholars of Shafi’i Mazhab are of the view that it is a
requirement for you to make the intention for fasting on every night of Ramadan.
Therefore, if you are concerned that you might forget to make your intention
every night, you are encouraged to make the intention for fasting the whole of
Ramadan at the beginning of the month. This will encompass the whole of
Ramadan, including the days you have forgotten.
I forgot to state my intention to fast. Does this invalidate my fast?
Intention is a resolution in your heart. For fasting in Ramadan, it is compulsory to
internally develop the intention before Subuh prayer. This is based on the hadith
of Rasulullah s.a.w.: “Whoever does not make his intention before Subuh, there
will be no fasting for him.” (Narrated by Abu Dawud).
Intention for fasting is to be made in the heart, and it is not a requirement to be
verbalised. Therefore, if your heart (or mind) has developed the intention for
fasting the next day, or you have stated your intention to fast the whole month
of Ramadan, your fasting is considered valid.
I woke up late for my pre-dawn meal (Sahur). When I was eating, the DJ on
the radio announced that it is now the time of Imsak. Does this mean my
fasting is invalidated?
Allah s.w.t. stated in the Quran:
“And eat and drink until the white thread of the dawn
becomes distinct from the black thread; then complete the fast up to the
(Surah al-Baqarah, verse 187)
This verse shows that the period of fasting begins when we enter the time for
Subuh. During Imsak (10 minutes before Subuh) it is recommended for us to
stop eating and drinking, taking into account that Subuh is approaching soon.
However, it is not prohibited for us to eat and drink during Imsak, especially if
you woke up late for Sahur. As long as you stop eating and drinking before
Subuh, then your fast is valid.
I woke up after Subuh in a state of major impurity (hadas besar) due to a wet
dream. Am I permitted to fast when I did not have the chance to perform
purificatory bath (ghusl) before Subuh?
Being in a state of major impurity due to having a wet dream does not
invalidate your fast. If you woke up in that particular state after having a wet
dream, you should perform the purificatory bath to remove yourself from the
major impurity and continue your fasting.
Can I swim or play water sports while fasting?
Swimming and other similar activities can cause water to enter our nostrils
and ears. If it happens, your fasting will be invalid. Therefore, as a precaution,
you are not recommended to swim while fasting.
I was told that the supplication we normally read when breaking our fast
“Allahumma Laka Sumtu” is based on a weak hadith. If so, are there other
supplications I can read?
A question regarding the status of a hadith requires a detailed explanation. In
summary, a large group of scholars such as Imam An-Nawawi is of the view
that a weak hadith can be accepted and used as a basis for performing good
deeds. (Fada’il A’mal)
There are alternative supplications that you can read, for example:
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَ ابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ، وَ ثَبَتَ الأجْرُ إنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ
Which means: “Thirst has been quenched and veins have been dampened
and reward has been decided, if Allah wills.” This supplication was recited by
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., as narrated by Abu Dawud and is deemed as a
What is the religious ruling on someone who deliberately breaks his fast in
the day of Ramadan without a valid reason?
If someone breaks his fast without a valid reason that is acknowledged by the
Shariah, it is deemed as a major sin as it goes against one of the pillars of
The person should hence repent to Allah s.w.t. as soon as possible and
be determined to not repeat the sin.
The person is required to expiate the missed day of fasting by replacing it with
another day of fasting (qada) after Ramadan. However, the person has
missed the chance to obtain the great reward of fasting in Ramadan.
I have heard that gargling and rinsing our nose during ablution invalidate
our fast. Is this true?
Gargling and rinsing of the nose during ablution is sunnah (recommended).
However, during fasting, it is not recommended to do them excessively. As long
as it is done moderately, if you swallow a bit of water accidentally, your fast is
I was admitted to the hospital and an IV drip was inserted into my arm. Does
this invalidate my fast?
If you are required to receive treatment in the hospital and have to be put on a
drip, this might indicate that you are facing serious health issues which make
fasting more challenging.
Hence, it is best that you break your fast and replace
the days that you are unable to fast due to your illness on other days after
However, being put on a drip does not invalidate the act of fasting as it does
not go through any of the open orifices.
What is the ruling on using an inhaler (due to asthma) when fasting?
Using an inhaler during fasting is permissible for those who have asthma. If
one recovers after using the inhaler, the person will have to continue fasting.
However, if the person is too weak to continue fasting or require more
medication, the best choice would be to break their fast and replace it after
Ramadan so as not to cause any further harm to their health.
What is the ruling regarding fasting for an elderly person?
For the elderly who face difficulties in fasting, or are suffering from chronic
and long-term illnesses, it is permissible for them to break their fast.
When they are unable to observe fasting, then they would have to pay
fidyah, which is giving of food (or something of similar value) to the poor
according to the number of days they are unable to fast. This is the leniency
given by Allah s.w.t. to those who are unable to observe fasting.
Ibnu Abbas r.a. said: “Leniency is given to those who are aged, but he is
required to give food to the poor and the needy for each day he didn’t fast,
and he is not needed to replace the days he did not fast.” (Narrated by
Ad-Daruqutni and confirmed by Hakim.)
Allah s.w.t. says in the Quran which means:
“For those who are capable of
fasting (but still do not fast) there is a redemption: feeding a needy man
for each day missed. But if anyone does good of his own accord, it is better
for him, and fasting is better for you, if only you knew.”
How does a person expiate (qada) the fasting days he missed during
Expiation of fasting days (qada) in Ramadan is divided into three categories:
1. Qada is obligatory upon:
Those who are unable to fast due to being unwell and fasting would
worsen their health condition.
Those who do not fast due to being travellers (distance travelled has to
be more than 84 kilometres).
Mothers who breastfeed their children and had to break their fast out of
concern for their own health and well-being.
Women who are unable to fast due to menstruation or post-natal flow.
Those who break fast due to extreme thirst and hunger, with valid
concern that continuing the fast would be detrimental to their health.
Those whose fasts are invalidated.
2. Qada and paying of fidyah are obligatory upon:
Pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers who break their fast out of
concern for their children’s health and well-being.
Those who did not expiate their missed fasting days from previous years
before the arrival of the most recent Ramadan.
3. It is not obligatory to qada, but is required to pay fidyah
Those who are unable to fast due to chronic and long-term illnesses.
The elderly who are unable to observe fasting due to their very old age.
Am I allowed to combine the intention to fast the sunnah six days in Syawal
simultaneously with qada fasting?
There are two views regarding this issue.
Some scholars are of the view that it is not allowed to combine the intention of
doing recommended (Sunnah) religious deeds with obligatory (Wajib) religious
Imam As-Shafi’i in his book Al-‘Umm stated: “It is important for us to differentiate
the intention between fasting in Ramadan, fasting for Nazar, fasting for Kaffarah,
and also between fasting for qada, fasting that is obligatory (Wajib), and fasting
that is recommended (Sunnah).” Imam Jalaluddin As-Suyuti (in his book
Al-Ashbah Wa An-Naza’ir) is also of the view that it is important to differentiate
between intentions to fast in Ramadan, fast for Nazar, and fast that is Sunnah.”
However, other scholars, such as Imam Al-Ramli and Imam Ibnu Hajar
Al-Haitami1, are of the view that the reward for the six days of fasting in Syawal
can be obtained with the intention to carry out qada fasting.
In view of the scholarly differences in this matter, both views can be used as
consideration by each individual, depending on their personal capabilities.
My wife passed away recently and she has not completed her qada fasting
from the previous Ramadan. What should I do?
According to the Shafi’i Mazhab, if a deceased did not fulfil qada fasting, there
are two situations:
For those who have passed away and could not observe qada fasting due
to time constraints or long-term illnesses, there is no responsibilities for the
deceased or their next of kin to observe qada fasting on their behalf.
For those who have passed away and did not observe qada fasting despite
having sufficient time to do so, scholars of Shafi’i Mazhab stated two options
a) It is permitted for their next of kin to fast on behalf of the deceased; or
b) It is permitted to pay fidyah from the wealth of the deceased for the
missed fast days.
Is my fasting invalidated if I receive a vaccination in the day of Ramadan?
Based on the view of some scholars4, vaccination does not invalidate your fast as it does not go through an open orifice of the body5. It is also not a type of food and drink that provides nourishment, nor does it satiate your hunger or thirst.
Every individual in our community has a role to play. Thus, if you are called upon to receive the vaccination, you should get yourself vaccinated, even if it is during the day in Ramadan.
Although there are other opinions stating that inserting an object into one’s body can invalidate the fast.
Religious Guidance Regarding the COVID-19 Vaccination
The Muslim community is recommended to take the COVID-19 vaccination
as it is a basic necessity to protect ourselves and also those around us.
The past religious edicts of MUIS regarding medicine and vaccination have
addressed the concerns regarding ingredients that are used.
Thus far, the production process of the COVID-19 vaccine and its ingredients
are not in conflict with our past religious edicts. In fact, the processes that
are involved to produce the COVID-19 vaccination are not against any
principles and values of the Islamic Shariah.
OFFICE OF THE MUFTI, 13 DEC 2020
Vaccination does not invalidate the
fast as it does not go through an open
orifice of our body. It also does not
satiate our hunger or thirst.
Religious guidance for those who have to undergo quarantine
Muslims who are unwell and undergoing quarantine in isolation centres or
treatment in hospital must follow the advice and directives from medical
experts. This is to ensure that one’s medical condition is observed
appropriately, in order to ease the path to full recovery.
This is in accordance with the religious guidance that gives concession to
those who are unwell by allowing them to fast on other days after Ramadan.
Allah s.w.t. says in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 184:
Which means: “For those among you who are sick, or on a journey, then
replace your fast on other days.”
Can I undergo a swab test when fasting?
If you are required to undergo a swab test to check on your infection status to
ensure the safety of those around you, then it is permissible to do so during the
day in Ramadan and it will not invalidate your fast.
Is the sunnah of tarawih prayer 8 or 20 rakaat?
When tarawih was first implemented, it is narrated that Rasulullah s.a.w.
prayed 8 rakaat.
Sayyidatina Aishah r.a. said: “Rasulullah did not pray more than eleven
rakaat in Ramadan or in any other month.
He used to pray 4 rakaat,–
do not ask about their beauty and length – and he then he would pray
4 rakaat – and do not ask about their length and beauty. He then
prayed 3 rakaat (witir). I asked: O Rasulullah, do you sleep before
performing witir? He replied: O Aishah, verily my two eyes sleep, but my
heart does not.”
The implementation of tarawih as performed by Rasulullah s.a.w. was
carried out by the companions until the time of Umar Al-Khattab r.a. He
decided to unite the Muslim community to perform tarawih in
congregation with a single Imam and 20 rakaat. (Narrated by Imam
In summary, whether one chooses to pray in congregation at the
mosques or at home, or whether to pray 8 or 20 rakaat, tarawih is a
highly encouraged practice in Islam that we should seek to continue.
One can choose to pray either 8 or 20 rakaat - they are both sunnah. What is important is to perform tarawih during the nights of Ramadan.
What are the surahs that I can recite when praying tarawih?
After reading Surah Al-Fatihah in every rakaat of tarawih, you can recite any surah or verses that you memorized.
If you are able to, we recommend that you read a few of the following
surah as listed below:
From the night of 1 until 15 Ramadan:
In every first rakaat, read one surah from At-Takathur until Al-Masad.
In every second rakaat, read surah Al-Ikhlas.
Read one surah in each two rakaat from At-Takathur until Al-Kafirun.
From the night of 16 until the end of Ramadan:
In every rakaat, read surah Al-Qadar.
In every second rakaat, read one surah from At-Takathur until surah Al-Masad
Read one surah from At-Takathur until Al-Kafirun for both rakaat.
Can I read the same surah in every rakaat of tarawih?
Yes. All the surah written above are only for general guidance. It is not
wrong to repeat the same surah in every rakaat of tarawih and witir.
When does tarawih begin?
Tarawih can be performed after praying Isyak, until before Subuh. This is
because tarawih can be considered as night prayers (Qiyam/Tahajjud).
The term ‘tarawih’ means to rest, and the companions of Rasulullah s.a.w.
used to rest in between performing tarawih.
Therefore, you are allowed to
take breaks when performing tarawih.
Can I hold the Quran and read from it while performing tarawih/witir
Holding and reading from the Quran during prayer does not invalidate
your prayer as long as you do not make three major and continuous
movements while doing so. Also, according to the view of Imam
An-Nawawi, it is compulsory for an individual to read the Quran if they had
not memorised Surah Al-Fatihah.
Can prepubescent children (who have yet to reach the age of puberty)
lead tarawih prayers for their family members?
In the situation where there are no adult men to lead the congregation for
tarawih prayer, it is permissible for children to do so. However, the children
must be able to read the Quran correctly and is a Mumayyiz (able to
discern right and wrong).
Why do some individuals perform witir prayer in different ways?
Praying one rakaat is the quickest way to perform witir. Rasulullah s.a.w. said:
“Witir is one rakaat at the end of the night.” (Hadith narrated by Imam Muslim).
If an individual performs one rakaat of witir, then they have performed the
sunnah. Witir can also be performed with three, five, seven, nine rakaat.
If a person performs three rakaat of witir, there are two ways to do so, based on
the narrated hadith:
• Performing witir in three rakaat at once with one tasyahhud. This way is
narrated by Sayyidatina Aishah r.a., who explains how Rasulullah s.a.w.
performs witir prayer: “Verily the Prophet performed witir prayer as much as
three rakaat, and he does not sit (tasyahhud) in between them except in the
last rakaat.” (Hadith narrated by Al-Nasa’i and Al-Baihaqi).
• Doing tasyahhud and salam after the second rakaat, followed by one rakaat.
This is based on the actions of Ibn Umar r.a., who separated the first two rakaat
and the third rakaat with a salam (after the second rakaat). He said that
Rasulullah s.a.w. has performed his witir prayers as such. (Hadith narrated by
When do we start reciting Qunut when praying witir?
Reciting Qunut (like during Subuh) in the last rakaat of witir begins on the night
of 16 Ramadan until the end.
Reciting Qunut is an act that is recommended,
but if you do not do so, your witir prayer is still valid.
For the Hanafi Mazhab, it is deemed as sunnah to recite Qunut on every last
rakaat before ruku’ (bowing) when praying witir, be it in Ramadan or outside of
If I have performed witir after tarawih, can I perform other sunnah prayers
during Qiyamullail and do I have to repeat witir?
There are no prohibitions to perform sunnah prayers during Qiyamullail even if
you have performed witir after tarawih. Witir does not need to be repeated if
you have performed sunnah prayers. This is based on the hadith: “La Witrani fi
Lailah”, which means there are no two witir in one night.
Tips to enliven the nights of Ramadan with family:
Start with the simpler acts of worship such as waking up slightly earlier
before Sahur to perform 2 rakaat.
Do not burden yourself – if you are tired, rest for a while, read the Quran or
recite dzikir, and then continue to perform sunnah prayers
Recite surah that are short and easy to remember. Or hold the Quran if you
wish to read verses that are long that you have not memorized.
Perform acts of worship according to your limitations so you are able to be
Increase your dzikir:
اللهم إنك عفو تحب العفو فاعفُ عني
Which means: “O Allah, You are the Most Forgiving and Most Generous,
If you are unable to find an answer to your query, please submit the
form to let us know how we can help you.